The History of Mother’s Day

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This article was originally published last year, so the date, May 12th, is for Mother’s Day 2013.

Mother’s Day

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AnnaMarieJarvis

What did you do on May 12th of this year? If you are like most people in Japan and America, chances are you spent the day with your mother. (In Korea they celebrate “Parent’s Day” on May 8, in Norway Mother’s Day is in February, and many other countries have the holiday on different days too). But it wasn’t always that way. In 1907, Anna Marie Jarvis held a memorial for her mother in West Virginia, and the next year founded the “Mother’s Day International Association.” After that, her suggestion caught on, and the holiday soon became the “Mother’s Day” we celebrate today.

One difference between the original Mother’s Day and the current holiday is that Jarvis was strongly against people making money from the holiday. Instead, she thought people should make handmade gifts and letters for their moms, and not buy any cards, flowers, or anything else.

So, what do you and your family do on Mother’s Day? If you want to celebrate the holiday like its founder intended, hopefully you did something nice for your mother … and didn’t spend any money!

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Meaning Check 2

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AnnaMarieJarvis

What did you do on May 12th of this year? If you are like most people in Japan and America, [tippy title ="chances are " header=“off”] の可能性はかなり高い[/tippy] you spent the day with your mother. (In Korea they [tippy title ="celebrate " header=“off”] 祝う[/tippy] “[tippy title ="Parent's Day" header=“off”] 親の日[/tippy]” on May 8, in Norway Mother’s Day is in February, and many other countries have the holiday on different days too). But [tippy title ="it wasn't always that way" header=“off”] 以前は必ずしもそうではなかった[/tippy]. In 1907, Anna Marie Jarvis [tippy title ="held a memorial for her mother" header=“off”] お母さんさんの追悼式を行った[/tippy] in West Virginia, and the next year [tippy title ="founded " header=“off”] 設立した[/tippy] the “[tippy title ="Mother's Day International Association" header=“off”] 母の日国際協会[/tippy].” After that, [tippy title ="her suggestion caught on" header=“off”] 彼女の提案が流行した[/tippy], and the holiday soon became the “Mother’s Day” we celebrate today.

One difference between the original Mother’s Day and the [tippy title ="current holiday" header=“off”] 現在の祝日[/tippy] is that Jarvis [tippy title ="was strongly against people making money from the holiday" header=“off”] 人々が祝日で金もうけをすることに強く反対した[/tippy]. [tippy title ="Instead" header=“off”] そのかわりに[/tippy], she thought people should make [tippy title ="handmade gifts " header=“off”] 手作りのプレゼント[/tippy] and letters for their moms, and not buy any cards, flowers, or anything else.

So, what do you and your family do on Mother’s Day? If you want to celebrate the holiday [tippy title ="like its founder intended" header=“off”] 創立者の期待通りに[/tippy], [tippy title ="hopefully you did something nice for your mother " header=“off”] お母さんにいいことしてあげていて欲しいものだ[/tippy]… and didn’t spend any money!

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The Google Forest

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Google Forest

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You may have thought that the age of exploration was over. But you would be wrong. The world is a big place and even in this modern age we are still finding hidden corners–places untouched by humans.

Thanks to our modern age exploring has become a lot easier. In 2005, a scientist at London’s [tippy title="Kew Gardens"]Link here![/tippy] discovered a rainforest, but he didn’t have to travel halfway around the world to do it. He didn’t even have to leave his desk.

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Dr. Julian Bayliss, a conservation scientist, was using Google Earth to search for rainforests in Africa. One day, he discovered a large area of lush forest on a peak called Mount Mabu in Mozambique. In fact, at 27 square miles, it turned out to be the largest medium-altitude rainforest in Africa. Moreover, he discovered the area had never been studied before.

Next, Kew Gardens sent a research team to Mount Mabu. What they discovered was beyond their wildest expectations. The forest was full of endangered species of birds, orchids, trees, large animals such as monkeys, and antelopes and many kinds of insects. They even found completely unknown species on the first visit.

Mount Mabu Map

Since its discovery, the government of Mozambique has worked to protect the ‘Google Forest’ as it is sometimes called. For one thing, commercial logging is banned in the area and it has been made into a national park.

 

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[tippy title ="You may have thought that" header=“off”] ~と思ったかもしれない[/tippy] [tippy title ="the age of exploration" header=“off”] 大航海時代[/tippy] [tippy title ="was over" header=“off”] 終わった[/tippy]. But [tippy title ="you would be wrong" header=“off”] それは間違っている[/tippy]. The world is a big place and [tippy title ="even in this modern age" header=“off”] 現代世界においても[/tippy] [tippy title ="we are still finding hidden corners" header=“off”] 今も、世界の隠れた隅々[/tippy]–places [tippy title ="untouched by humans" header=“off”] 人間の手付かずの[/tippy].

[tippy title ="Thanks to" header=“off”] ~のおかげで[/tippy] our modern age [tippy title ="exploring" header=“off”] 探検すること[/tippy] [tippy title ="has become a lot easier" header=“off”] はるかに楽になった[/tippy]. In 2005, a scientist at London’s [tippy title ="Kew Gardens" header=“off”] キューガーデン Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [subtippy title=”(image)”]Link here![/subtippy] はイギリスの首都ロンドン南西部のキューにある王立植物園。キュー植物園などとも呼ばれる。[/tippy] [tippy title ="discovered a rainforest" header=“off”] 熱帯雨林を発見した[/tippy], but he [tippy title ="didn't have to travel halfway around the world to do it" header=“off”] それをするのに世界の裏側まで行かなくてもよかった[/tippy]. He [tippy title ="didn't even have to leave his desk" header=“off”] 席を離れる必要もなかった[/tippy].

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Dr. Julian Bayliss, [tippy title ="a conservation scientist" header=“off”] 環境保護研究員[/tippy], [tippy title ="was using Google Earth" header=“off”] グーグルアース を使っていた◆Google Earth – Google社が提供する世界規模の衛星写真閲覧ソフトウェア。マウス操作で地球上のあらゆる場所の衛星写真が確認でき、車や人が見える程度まで拡大できる。無料版もありホームページよりダウンロードが可能。◆URLhttp://earth.google.com/[/tippy] [tippy title ="to search for rainforests" header=“off”] 熱帯雨林を探すために[/tippy] in Africa. One day, he discovered [tippy title ="a large area of lush forest on a peak called Mount Mabu" header=“off”] マウントマブという山の頂きに幅広い生い茂った森[/tippy] in Mozambique. [tippy title ="In fact" header=“off”] 実際[/tippy], [tippy title ="at 27 square miles" header=“off”] 27平方マイル(約43平方キロ)で[/tippy], [tippy title ="it turned out " header=“off”] ~であるとわかった[/tippy] to be the largest [tippy title ="medium-altitude" header=“off”] 中高度の[/tippy] rainforest in Africa. [tippy title ="Moreover" header=“off”] その上に[/tippy], he discovered the area [tippy title ="had never been studied before" header=“off”] 研究されたことはなかった[/tippy].

Next, Kew Gardens [tippy title ="sent a research team to Mount Mabu" header=“off”] マウントマブに研究チームを派遣した[/tippy]. [tippy title ="What they discovered" header=“off”] 発見したことは[/tippy] was [tippy title ="beyond their wildest expectations" header=“off”] 想像もつかないほど[/tippy]. The forest was [tippy title ="full of" header=“off”] ~でいっぱいである[/tippy] [tippy title ="endangered species of birds" header=“off”] 絶滅危惧種の鳥の宝庫[/tippy], [tippy title ="orchids" header=“off”] ラン、蘭、蘭の花[/tippy], trees, large animals such as monkeys, and [tippy title ="antelopes" header=“off”] 《動物》レイヨウ、アンテロープ◆アフリカおよびアジア南西部原産の、枝分かれしない角を持つウシ科の偶蹄類の総称で、インパラ、ガゼル、スプリングボックなどが含まれる。[/tippy] and many kinds of [tippy title ="insects" header=“off”] 昆虫[/tippy]. [tippy title ="They even found completely unknown species" header=“off”] 全く未知の種まで発見した[/tippy] on the first visit.

Mount Mabu Map

[tippy title ="Since its discovery" header=“off”] その発見以来[/tippy], [tippy title ="the government of Mozambique" header=“off”] モザンビーク政府[/tippy] [tippy title ="has worked to protect" header=“off”] 保護する政策に乗り出した[/tippy] the ‘Google Forest’ [tippy title ="as it is sometimes called" header=“off”] 時に~と呼ばれる[/tippy]. [tippy title ="For one thing" header=“off”] 一例を挙げると[/tippy], [tippy title ="commercial logging is banned" header=“off”] 商業的木材の切り出しは禁止されている[/tippy] in the area and [tippy title ="it has been made into a national park" header=“off”] 国立公園にされた[/tippy].

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The Dark Side to Artificial Light

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[tippy title ="Without a doubt" header=“off”] 間違いなく[/tippy], [tippy title ="artificial light" header=“off”] 人工光[/tippy] [tippy title ="has made our lives more convenient" header=“off”] (~のおかげで)生活がより便利になった[/tippy]. [tippy title ="In fact" header=“off”] 実際[/tippy], [tippy title ="our modern civilization" header=“off”] 我々の現代の文明[/tippy] [tippy title ="would not be possible without Edison's invention" header=“off”] エジソンの発明がなければ、~は存在していないだろう[/tippy]. However…

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The Dark Side to Artificial Light 人工光の暗い側面
Without a doubt 間違いなく
artificial light 人工光
has made our lives more convenient (〜のおかげで)生活がより便利になった
In fact 実際
our modern civilization 我々の現代の文明
would not be possible without Edison’s invention エジソンの発明がなければ、〜は存在していないだろう

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Without a doubt, artificial light has made our lives more convenient. In fact, our modern civilization would not be possible without Edison’s invention. However, scientists are recently discovering that there is a dark side to the artificial light that surrounds us.

It appears that our bodies need the dark as much as the light. Life on earth, including humans, has evolved to match the earth’s 24-hour day. Our body’s built-in 24-hour cycle is known as the circadian clock. Artificial light disrupts our circadian clock by disrupting the production of the hormone, melatonin. According to several studies, lower levels of melatonin can lead to such disorders as depression, fatigue, insomnia, diabetes, obesity or even heart disease. Researchers have also found that the disruption of melatonin production can interfere with cell division and lead to cancer. Indeed, many studies have shown higher rates of cancer among people who work late-night shifts.

Luckily, there are some measures you can take to lower your risks. Here is a list:

1) At night, Limit your use of gadgets that emit high levels of blue light. This includes any kind of LED, such as laptops, most TVs, iPads. etc.

2) If you have to use such devices, use special glasses that block out blue light.

3) Try to use dim orange and yellow lights at night. Avoid using bright overhead fluorescent or LED lights.

4) Expose yourself to sunlight during the day.

5) Try to reduce stress. Increased stress increases the body’s production of cortisol, which in turn lowers melatonin levels.

Hopefully, with these measures you can get on a good sleep cycle and start living healthier.

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Do You Want a Pet Fox?

Domesticated Silver Fox

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[tippy title ="Thanks to" header=“off”] ~のおかげで[/tippy] [tippy title ="a couple of musicians from Norway" header=“off”] ノルウェー出身の二人のミュージシャン[/tippy] and their popular song, “[tippy title ="What Does a Fox Say?" header=“off”] キツネは何となくか?(link to video)[/tippy]” a lot of people are thinking about foxes these days. [tippy title ="And why not?" header=“off”] なぜ駄目なのか? (駄目なわけがない)[/tippy] They are [tippy title ="famously" header=“off”] ~ことで有名な[/tippy] clever. [tippy title ="Moreover" header=“off”] その上に[/tippy], they are cute and [tippy title ="cuddly" header=“off”] かわいらしくて抱きしめたくなるような[/tippy]…

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English 日本語
Do you want a pet fox? キツネをペットにかいたいですか?
Thanks to 〜のおかげで
a couple of musicians from Norway ノルウェー出身の二人のミュージシャン
What Does a Fox Say? キツネは何となくか?
And why not? なぜ駄目なのか? (駄目なわけがない)
famously 〜ことで有名な
Moreover その上に
cuddly かわいらしくて抱きしめたくなるような

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Thanks to a couple of musicians from Norway and their popular song, “What Does a Fox Say?” a lot of people are thinking about foxes these days. And why not? They are famously clever. Moreover, they are cute and cuddly. It’s too bad we can’t keep them as pets.

Well, actually that last bit is no longer true. Thanks to an experiment in Russia that has been running for over 50 years, we now have domesticated foxes. It was the idea of Russian scientist, Dmitry Belyaev.

As a young man, Dmitry was intrigued by the domestication process and he developed various theories about it. In 1954, he set out to test his theories. His goal was to domesticate the wild fox. He started with a group of 130. With each generation only the tamest ones were allowed to breed. Half a century later, there are almost 50,000 very human-friendly foxes.

The changes in the foxes have been dramatic. They are not at all aggressive towards humans like wild foxes. In fact, they love attention from humans. Basically, they behave like dogs. They have changed physically to look like dogs, as well. They have a variety of coat colors, many have floppy ears, and their skulls and noses are more rounded.

Dmitri predicted all of this. The only surprise for him was how little time the transformation took.

Are you ready for your own fox? Last year it was possible to adopt a fox from the research program for around $8,000 dollars. However, The Domestic Fox, the company working with the scientists in Russia recently closed their website, so you may have to wait a little longer.

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