The Google Forest

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Listening Quiz 2

Google Forest

[LDAdvQuiz 1]

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Reading Quiz

You may have thought that the age of exploration was over. But you would be wrong. The world is a big place and even in this modern age we are still finding hidden corners–places untouched by humans.

Thanks to our modern age exploring has become a lot easier. In 2005, a scientist at London’s [tippy title="Kew Gardens"]Link here![/tippy] discovered a rainforest, but he didn’t have to travel halfway around the world to do it. He didn’t even have to leave his desk.

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Dr. Julian Bayliss, a conservation scientist, was using Google Earth to search for rainforests in Africa. One day, he discovered a large area of lush forest on a peak called Mount Mabu in Mozambique. In fact, at 27 square miles, it turned out to be the largest medium-altitude rainforest in Africa. Moreover, he discovered the area had never been studied before.

Next, Kew Gardens sent a research team to Mount Mabu. What they discovered was beyond their wildest expectations. The forest was full of endangered species of birds, orchids, trees, large animals such as monkeys, and antelopes and many kinds of insects. They even found completely unknown species on the first visit.

Mount Mabu Map

Since its discovery, the government of Mozambique has worked to protect the ‘Google Forest’ as it is sometimes called. For one thing, commercial logging is banned in the area and it has been made into a national park.

 

[LDAdvQuiz 2]

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Meaning Check 2

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[tippy title ="You may have thought that" header=“off”] ~と思ったかもしれない[/tippy] [tippy title ="the age of exploration" header=“off”] 大航海時代[/tippy] [tippy title ="was over" header=“off”] 終わった[/tippy]. But [tippy title ="you would be wrong" header=“off”] それは間違っている[/tippy]. The world is a big place and [tippy title ="even in this modern age" header=“off”] 現代世界においても[/tippy] [tippy title ="we are still finding hidden corners" header=“off”] 今も、世界の隠れた隅々[/tippy]–places [tippy title ="untouched by humans" header=“off”] 人間の手付かずの[/tippy].

[tippy title ="Thanks to" header=“off”] ~のおかげで[/tippy] our modern age [tippy title ="exploring" header=“off”] 探検すること[/tippy] [tippy title ="has become a lot easier" header=“off”] はるかに楽になった[/tippy]. In 2005, a scientist at London’s [tippy title ="Kew Gardens" header=“off”] キューガーデン Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew [subtippy title=”(image)”]Link here![/subtippy] はイギリスの首都ロンドン南西部のキューにある王立植物園。キュー植物園などとも呼ばれる。[/tippy] [tippy title ="discovered a rainforest" header=“off”] 熱帯雨林を発見した[/tippy], but he [tippy title ="didn't have to travel halfway around the world to do it" header=“off”] それをするのに世界の裏側まで行かなくてもよかった[/tippy]. He [tippy title ="didn't even have to leave his desk" header=“off”] 席を離れる必要もなかった[/tippy].

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Dr. Julian Bayliss, [tippy title ="a conservation scientist" header=“off”] 環境保護研究員[/tippy], [tippy title ="was using Google Earth" header=“off”] グーグルアース を使っていた◆Google Earth – Google社が提供する世界規模の衛星写真閲覧ソフトウェア。マウス操作で地球上のあらゆる場所の衛星写真が確認でき、車や人が見える程度まで拡大できる。無料版もありホームページよりダウンロードが可能。◆URLhttp://earth.google.com/[/tippy] [tippy title ="to search for rainforests" header=“off”] 熱帯雨林を探すために[/tippy] in Africa. One day, he discovered [tippy title ="a large area of lush forest on a peak called Mount Mabu" header=“off”] マウントマブという山の頂きに幅広い生い茂った森[/tippy] in Mozambique. [tippy title ="In fact" header=“off”] 実際[/tippy], [tippy title ="at 27 square miles" header=“off”] 27平方マイル(約43平方キロ)で[/tippy], [tippy title ="it turned out " header=“off”] ~であるとわかった[/tippy] to be the largest [tippy title ="medium-altitude" header=“off”] 中高度の[/tippy] rainforest in Africa. [tippy title ="Moreover" header=“off”] その上に[/tippy], he discovered the area [tippy title ="had never been studied before" header=“off”] 研究されたことはなかった[/tippy].

Next, Kew Gardens [tippy title ="sent a research team to Mount Mabu" header=“off”] マウントマブに研究チームを派遣した[/tippy]. [tippy title ="What they discovered" header=“off”] 発見したことは[/tippy] was [tippy title ="beyond their wildest expectations" header=“off”] 想像もつかないほど[/tippy]. The forest was [tippy title ="full of" header=“off”] ~でいっぱいである[/tippy] [tippy title ="endangered species of birds" header=“off”] 絶滅危惧種の鳥の宝庫[/tippy], [tippy title ="orchids" header=“off”] ラン、蘭、蘭の花[/tippy], trees, large animals such as monkeys, and [tippy title ="antelopes" header=“off”] 《動物》レイヨウ、アンテロープ◆アフリカおよびアジア南西部原産の、枝分かれしない角を持つウシ科の偶蹄類の総称で、インパラ、ガゼル、スプリングボックなどが含まれる。[/tippy] and many kinds of [tippy title ="insects" header=“off”] 昆虫[/tippy]. [tippy title ="They even found completely unknown species" header=“off”] 全く未知の種まで発見した[/tippy] on the first visit.

Mount Mabu Map

[tippy title ="Since its discovery" header=“off”] その発見以来[/tippy], [tippy title ="the government of Mozambique" header=“off”] モザンビーク政府[/tippy] [tippy title ="has worked to protect" header=“off”] 保護する政策に乗り出した[/tippy] the ‘Google Forest’ [tippy title ="as it is sometimes called" header=“off”] 時に~と呼ばれる[/tippy]. [tippy title ="For one thing" header=“off”] 一例を挙げると[/tippy], [tippy title ="commercial logging is banned" header=“off”] 商業的木材の切り出しは禁止されている[/tippy] in the area and [tippy title ="it has been made into a national park" header=“off”] 国立公園にされた[/tippy].

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14-Year-Old’s Idea Could Save the Government Millions

Garamond Typeface

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[tippy title ="It started as a simple science project" header=“off”] それは、単純な科学プロジェクトとして始まった[/tippy] by a 14-year-old boy in Pennsylvania. Now, it [tippy title ="has the potential to save the U.S. government over 200 million dollars a year" header=“off”] アメリカ政府が1年に2億ドル以上を節約できる可能性がある[/tippy]…

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14-year-old’s Idea Could Save the Government Millions 14歳の少年のアイデアで政府が何百万ドル節約できるかも
It started as a simple science project それは、単純な科学プロジェクトとして始まった
has the potential to save the U.S. government over 200 million dollars a year. アメリカ政府が1年に2億ドル以上を節約できる可能性がある

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It started as a simple science project by a 14-year-old boy in Pennsylvania. Now, it has the potential to save the U.S. government over 200 million dollars a year.

Garamond and Times New Roman Comparison

After hearing that his school district was taking measures to save paper, Suvir Mirchandani thought there might be a way to save ink, as well. He began an investigation of how much ink various typefaces require when printing. Suvir discovered that the font called Garamond used 24 percent less ink than Times New Roman.

Garamond Typeface Punches

Ink costs much more than you might expect. At about 2,000 dollars per liter, it is twice as expensive as a high quality French perfume. By using Garamond instead of Times New Roman the school district could save over 20,000 dollars a year.

Suvir was then encouraged by his teacher and others to expand his research to the federal government. Each year the U.S. government spends 1.8 billion dollars on printing documents. Using the same methods that he used in his junior high school project he uncovered that the government could save over 200 million dollars a year simply by switching fonts.

Suvir is not one to rest on his laurels. He is currently working on a web browser for people who are paralyzed.

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The Forests Around Chernobyl Pose a New Danger

Red Hill Exclusion Zone ESL

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[tippy title ="Something strange is happening" header=“off”] 何か変わった事が起こっている[/tippy] [tippy title ="in the forests around Chernobyl" header=“off”] チェルノブイリの辺りの森で[/tippy]. [tippy title ="More precisely" header=“off”] もっと正確に言えば[/tippy], it is [tippy title ="what is not happening that is the problem" header=“off”] それが起こっていない事が問題である[/tippy]. [tippy title ="When leaves fall" header=“off”] 葉が落ちると[/tippy] and trees die …

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The Forests of Chernobyl Pose a New Danger チェルノブイリの近くの森の新しい危険
pose a danger 危険をもたらす
Something strange is happening. 何か変わった事が起こっている
in the forests around Chernobyl チェルノブイリの辺りの森で
More precisely もっと正確に言えば
what is not happening that is the problem それが起こっていない事が問題である
When leaves fall 葉が落ちると

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Something strange is happening in the forests around Chernobyl. More precisely, it is what is not happening that is the problem. When leaves fall and trees die there, they are not decomposing properly.

Scientists visiting the dead forests noticed that the trees were almost unchanged nearly 30 years after the disaster. They also found an unusually thick carpet of fallen leaves. The scientists knew something strange was happening and they decided to investigate. They uncovered that the rate of decay for the dead trees and leaves was much slower in the contaminated areas.

It appears that microbes, fungi and insects, are suffering from contamination. Usually, when a tree dies in the forest these organisms break it down and turn it into soil. They are essential to the forest ecosystem. But near Chernobyl the ecosystem has broken down.

The problem could have wider implications. The scientists fear that the thick dead brush could be a huge fire risk. A forest fire in the area would be hard to control. What is worse is that it could spread radioactive material well beyond the exclusion zone.

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Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Map ESL

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