Archive for World

A Dramatic Increase in Garbage in the Arctic

polar bear garbage

Arctic Garbage slow Arctic Garbage fast

There are very few people living in . You would not expect to find much garbage there. Recently, however, some German researchers have discovered a lot of plastic, glass and other waste in the sea there. They say that there is twenty times more garbage than compared to ten years ago.

polar bear small

The researchers are not exactly sure what is causing the increase in the amount of garbage there. It could be coming from very far away. Ocean currents can spread things over many kilometers. Another factor may be climate change. Ice cover in the Arctic has been shrinking. This has lead to more fishing and tour boats coming into the region. Some of the litter could be coming from these sources.

Ocean garbage is dangerous. Fish and other animals can die. Animals often suffocate when they try to eat plastic bags. Also, it is not healthy for people who eat the fish.

Which do you believe? Please choose one.

Level 75

The Arctic is the part of the earth above 66° 34′ N. Above this latitude the sun does not set on the day of the summer solstice (the longest day of the year in the northern hemisphere), and does not rise on the winter solstice (the shortest day of the year in the northern hemisphere.

The Kazuhito Kosaka Story

pen apple pineapple pen

How a Short YouTube Video and Justin Bieber
Changed A Life

The Kazuhito Kosaka Story slow The Kazuhito Kosaka Story fast

For more than 20 years, Kazuhito Kosaka was trying his best to make it as a Japanese comedian. He was successful enough to be in a 7-11 commercial, but he wasn’t a major star. But his life changed in just 45 seconds.

Kazuhito Kosaka’s stage name is Pikotaro, and one day he made a short and silly YouTube video called Pen, Pineapple, Apple, Pen (PPAP). But once people saw the 45-second song, they went crazy for it. One of the biggest fans of the performance was Justin Bieber, who tweeted that it was his “favorite video on the Internet.” With Justin’s support the video has gone on to get over 52 million hits! And its popularity is still growing.

Of course Justin Bieber and Pikotaro never met in person… until this January, when they filmed a commercial together for Japanese cell phone provider Softbank. Pikotaro doesn’t know if his success will continue or PPAP will turn out to be a one-hit wonder, but he’s trying to enjoy the fame as long as it lasts. And with Justin Bieber now his friend, his star could continue shining for a long time to come!

Level 85

Will the United States Build a Wall?

border wall

Trump’s Wall slow Trump’s Wall fast

Donald Trump, the president of the USA, wants to build a wall. He wants to build this wall on the border with Mexico. His plan is causing much anger in Mexico and the U.S.

Currently, there is only a fence on some parts of the border between the two countries. The Rio Grande River makes up about half of the border.

The wall is supposed to stop immigrants. Many people come to the U.S. without permission from Mexico. Trump wants to prevent this.

Many questions about the proposed wall are still unanswered. For example, who will pay for its construction? Trump says Mexico will pay. The President of Mexico completely rejects this idea.

The wall will be 3,100 kilometers long. That is longer than the Danube, the longest river in western Europe.

There is much criticism about Trump’s plans. Many claim that the wall will put people at risk and tear families apart.

What do you think about the wall?

Level 65

2016: The Warmest Year Ever

hottest year ever

Hottest Year Ever slow Hottest Year Ever fast

Last year the world was hot like never before. That is according to international weather researchers. They say it was due to climate change.

Weather researchers from the United States and Switzerland measured the temperatures around the world. They compared the temperatures ​​with previous years. The conclusion: 2016 set a new heat record for the world. The scientists say that this climate change was caused by human activity.

In 2015, many countries gathered in Paris and adopted a treaty to protect the climate. The countries there agreed that we should not let the earth’s temperature go up more than 1.5 degrees Celsius. These new measurements show that this will be very difficult.

Level 70

A Campaign to Shame Rule-Breaking Drivers

Level 65

Shaming Drivers slow Shaming Drivers fast


, a group of young people in Russia . is . The young men wait on a . At first, they . . , however, . The . The stickers .

. One woman in the video . Another . , .

The . , their video .

Click for vocabulary list!

A Campaign to Shame Rule-Breaking Drivers 交通違反ドライバーを恥じさせるためのキャンペーン
Recently 最近
started a campaign キャンペーンを始めった
The aim of the campaign キャンペーンの狙い
to shame drivers who do not follow traffic rules 交通規則に従わない運転手を恥じさせる
footpath 小道
to block motorists who illegally use it as a shortcut 近道に、不法に使うドライバーを阻止する
politely ask the drivers to turn back. 運転手に引き返すよう礼儀正しく頼む
Most apologize and turn around ほとんどは謝罪して、引き返す
Others 他の人たち
are less cooperative 協力的でない
youths 若者たち
stick big stickers on their windshields 大きいなステッカーを彼らのフロントガラスに張り付ける
when they do not cooperate 彼らが協力しなかったとき
are made in such a way that they don’t come off very easily 簡単にとれないように作られている
Some motorists 何人かのドライバー
react very strongly 非常に強く反応する
even threatens to murder the youths その若者たちを殺すとさえ脅迫する
continues driving with one of the young men on the hood of her car 彼女の車のボンネットに若者を乗せたまま運転を続ける
Luckily 幸いに
no one was injured in the video 動画の中で誰も負傷しなかった
movement 運動
has been quite successful とても成功している
So far 今のところ
has had over 1 million views on YouTube YouTubeで100万以上再生されている


British and American English: Can You Tell the Difference?

Story written by Andrea

Level 90

British and American English slow British and American English fast


, people speak English in the USA and the UK. However, Americans and British people !

Both nations , and the spelling . Some words .

For example, in America, they write “color, C-O-L-O-R”, , the spelling is “C-O-L-O-U-R”.

, . .

, you can take a look at this interesting video that will show you some of the differences between American and British English!
Click for vocabulary list!

British and American English: Can You Tell the Difference? イギリス英語とアメリカ英語:違いが分かりますか?
As you probably know ご存知でしょうが
as their first language 彼らの第一言語(母国語)として
do not sound alike 同じように聞こえない
have very similar grammar よく似た文法がある
is almost always the same ほとんど同じ
might be written just slightly different 書き方が少し違うかもしれない
while in the United Kingdom 一方イギリスでは
Even if there are differences in the written language たとえ書かれた言葉の違いがあるとしても
the differences in the spoken language are much easier to spot 話される言葉の違いの方がわかりやすい
You are certainly going to be able to hear that there is a difference when they speak 確実に彼らが話している時に違いがあるのを聞けるに違いない
So, can you hear the difference between an American and British accent で、アメリカ人とイギリス人のアクセントの違いを聞き取れますか?
If you are curious to test yourself もし、興味があるなら試してみて下さい

Como probablemente ya sabes
como primer idioma
no suenan igual
tienen una gramática muy similar
casi siempre la misma
podrían escribirse un poco diferente
mientras que en el Reino Unido
Aunque existen diferencias en el idioma escrito
las diferencias en el idioma hablado son mucho más fáciles de encontrar
Sin duda vas a ser capaz de escuchar que hay diferencia cuando hablan
Así que, ¿puedes escuchar la diferencia entre un acento americano y uno británico?
Si tienes curiosidad por ponerte a prueba

England and the Sandwich Obsession!

Level 85

Story written by Andrea

UK Sandwich slow UK Sandwich fast

Typical British Sandwiches

know , like drinking tea every afternoon. However, very few people know about the country’s love for sandwiches!

Over one billion sandwiches …and that was only last year!

If you walk around in the streets of a big city like London, . From Starbucks to the and even the , . , .

? English people , or . A good sandwich is a cheap, quick and …and yes, it is tasty too!

Click for vocabulary list!

England and the Sandwich Obsession! イギリスとサンドイッチへの執着
Many people around the world 世界中の多くの人々
about the unique aspects of British culture イギリス文化の独特な姿について
were bought on-the-go in England イギリスでは、出先で( 外出中に)買われた  ◆【語源】 on-the-goが「活動的」、「いろいろ動き回る」という意味から。
you will certainly notice あなたは確かに気付くだろう
the huge amount of shops selling sandwiches on the street 通りでサンドイッチを売っている膨大な数の店
grocery shop 食料品店
pharmacy 薬局
you will find a huge selection of sandwiches to eat on the go 簡単に持ち運べて食べれるたくさんの種類のサンドイッチを見るだろう
The choice is very diverse 選択は非常に様々である
ranging from traditional favorite combinations (ham and cheese, tomatoes and mozzarella) to more exotic recipes 伝統的でみんなの好物の組合せ(ハムとチーズ、トマトとモッツァレラ)からより風変わり なレシピにわたる
So why are sandwiches so popular in the UK? では、なぜイギリスではサンドイッチがそんなに人気なのか?
love to make the most out of their day 彼らの1日を有効に使うのが好きである
saving time while working 働いている間の時間を節約する
doing their errands 彼らの用事をする
effective way to get all the nourishment you need あなたが必要とするすべての栄養を得る効果的な方法

イギリスでは、出先で( 外出中に)買われた ◆【語源】 on-the-goが「活動的」、「いろいろ動き回る」という意味から。
伝統的でみんなの好物の組合せ(ハムとチーズ、トマトとモッツァレラ)からより風変わり なレシピにわたる
Muchas personas en todo el mundo
sobre los aspectos únicos de la cultura británica
sobre la marcha
sin duda notarás
la enorme cantidad de tiendas que venden sándwiches en la calle
tienda de comestibles
encontrarás una enorme selección de sándwiches para comer sobre la marcha
La elección es muy variada
desde las favoritas combinaciones tradicionales (jamón y queso, tomate y mozzarella) hasta recetas más exóticas
¿Entonces por qué son tan populares los sándwiches en el Reino Unido?
le encanta aprovechar al máximo el día
ahorrando tiempo mientras trabaja
haciendo sus recados
manera eficaz de obtener todos los nutrientes que necesitas

The Monkey Dogs of Japan

Level 65

The Monkey Dogs of Japan slow The Monkey Dogs of Japan fast

Monkey Dogs

. They often . Every year, they . But the farmers . In 2005, . They are known as monkey dogs, and they . , and . Since 2005, more than 20 . The programs .

, it . , . It is used .”

Click for vocabulary list!

The Monkey Dogs of Japan 日本のモンキードッグ (サルを追い払う犬)
Wild monkeys 野生のサル
are a problem for farmers 農家の人たちにとって問題である
in many areas in Japan 日本の多くの地域で
come out of the woods to eat the tasty vegetables and fruit on farms 農場のおいしい野菜や果物を食べるために森から出てくる
cause heavy damage to crops 収穫への大きな損害を引き起こす
are fighting back 阻止している
a small village in Nagano Prefecture 長野県にある小さな村
introduced a program to protect crops with dogs 犬で収穫を保護する計画を導入した
are trained to scare monkeys away サルを怖がらせて追い払うように訓練されている
The plan was very successful その計画は大変成功した
the village was able to save thousands of dollars その村は何千ドルも節約できた
prefectures 都道府県
have introduced similar programs 似たような計画を導入している
have been so popular that there is a shortage of monkey dogs now とても評判が良いため、今ではモンキードッグが不足している
In a side note 余白注記 or 傍注◆本などのページの傍らに添えた注釈
is well known in Japan 日本でよく知られている
that dogs and monkeys are not on friendly terms サルと犬は仲良しではない
In fact 実際
the phrase ”dog-and monkey-relationship” ”犬猿の仲”という表現
is used to describe two people who can’t get along 仲良くできない2人を言い表すのに用いられる
like the English expression という英語表現のように
to fight like cats and dogs 猫と犬のように戦う

余白注記 or 傍注◆本などのページの傍らに添えた注釈
Monos salvajes
son un problema para los granjeros
en muchas regiones de Japón
salen de los bosques para comer los sabrosos vegetales y la fruta de las granjas
causan graves daños a los cultivos
están contraatacando
una pequeña aldea en la prefectura de Nagano
introdujo un programa para proteger los cultivos con perros
están entrenados para ahuyentar a los monos
El plan tuvo mucho éxito
la aldea fue capaz de ahorrar miles de dólares
han introducido programas similares
han sido tan populares que ahora hay escasez de perros mono
Como nota al margen
es bien conocido en Japón
que los perros y los monos no se llevan bien
De hecho
la frase ‘relación perro-mono’
se usa para describir a dos personas que no pueden llevarse bien
como la expresión inglesa
pelear como perros y gatos

London: What to do in the British Capital City

Level 90

Story written by Andrea


London slow London fast

Oxford Street

London is certainly . Its , parks and sights . Its , and .

(and more), visit this beautiful English city every year. This is a big , for you , but .

Hyde Park Corner

If you enjoy shopping, and enjoy the many fashion stores. If you want to see , a visit to Hyde Park is a beautiful “”. Art and history fans will enjoy a visit to the Tate Modern Museum and The British Museum, which are also free!

, , there are , !

Click for vocabulary list!

London: What to do in the British Capital City ロンドン:イギリスの首都で何をするべきか
one of the most iconic cities in the world 世界で最も象徴的な都市の1つ
monuments 記念建造物
have appeared within so many books, movies and songs たくさんの本、映画や歌に登場している
citizens 市民
are famously colorful and diverse カラフルさや多様さで有名
its culture is extensive and unique その文化は幅広くて、ユニークである
For the above reasons 以上の理由から
millions of tourists 何百万もの観光客
metropolis 首都、大都市
so a couple of days are certainly not going to be enough なので、2、3日では絶対に十分ではない
to get a full picture of this city この街の全体像を得るには
even this short time frame この短い期間でさえ
is going to be enough for you to enjoy some great sights いくつかの素晴らしい光景を楽しむのに十分である
take a stroll down Oxford Street オックスフォード通りに沿って散歩をして
the green areas the city has to offer その街にある緑地
must do なすべきこと
Finally 最後に
why not end your day with a nice pint of beer at a local pub? 地元のパブでの美味しい1杯のビールで一日を終えてみるのはいかが?
In perfect British style 完璧な英国スタイルで
many pubs serving great ales and amazing food 美味しいエールとすばらしい食べ物を出している多くのパブ
including an English favorite, fish and chips イギリス人の好物の、フィッシュ アンド チップスを含む (fish and chips = フライドポテトを添えた魚フライ

イギリス人の好物の、フィッシュ アンド チップスを含む (fish and chips = フライドポテトを添えた魚フライ
una de las ciudades más emblemáticas del mundo
han aparecido en muchos libros, películas y canciones
son notoriamente coloridos y variados
su cultura es extensa y única
Por las razones anteriores
millones de turistas
así que un par de días sin duda no van a ser suficientes
para obtener una imagen completa de la ciudad
incluso este corto espacio de tiempo
va a ser suficiente para que disfrutes de algunos lugares de interés
da un paseo por la calle Oxford
las zonas verdes que ofrece la ciudad
¿Por qué no terminar tu día con una buena jarra de cerveza en un pub local?
En perfecto estilo británico
muchos pubs que sirven grandes cervezas y una comida increíble
incluyendo un favorito inglés, el pescado con patatas

Iceland Airwaves

Level 100

Iceland Airwaves

Iceland Airwaves slow Iceland Airwaves fast

Iceland Airwaves is a super hip, long weekend music festival that . It’s . is the untypical list of performers. You won’t find old favorites or ; and bright faces who .

Iceland 1

The Airwaves festival is held in Reykjavik, Iceland each year and the town itself which is . with . Because the town is quite small in size, the natural beauty of Iceland is right outside for visitors . The city is set on a volcanic island and . Iceland Airwaves .

Iceland 2

. . Of Monsters and Men, Florence and the Machine, Flaming Lips, Fatboy Slim, and Wolf Parade are !

Click for vocabulary list!

English 日本語
dominates the festival scene each year 毎年フェスティバル・シーンを独占する
been around since 1999 1999年頃からある
and the name comes from its first location そしてその名前は、最初の場所からつけられた
an airplane hangar 航空機の格納庫
Part of what makes this festival so special このフェスティバルをとても特別なものにする理由の一つは
buzz-grabbing stars 人気上昇中のスター
this entire festival is for new names このフェスティバル全体、(売り出しの)新人の為にある
have something to share with the world 世界と共有していることがある
is now considered more of a festival city 現在は、より、フェスティバルの町として考慮されている
quite sleepy throughout the rest of the year 1年の残りの時期はかなり静か
When it does open up to receive the masses of fans and festival goers 多くのファンとフェスティバルにいく人達を受け入れのために開放すると
the town turns into a cultural mecca 町は、文化的なメッカ(憧れの地)に変わる
a nightlife scene that puts others to shame 他の街を残念に思わせるほどの夜の娯楽(クラブシーン)
to explore 探検するのに
between acts ショーの間
features a world-famous Blue Lagoon and amazing lava fields 世界的に有名なブルーラグーンと驚くべき溶岩原がある
couldn’t have picked a better host city より良い開催都市を選ぶことが出来なかった
It’s no question that 〔that以下〕であることに疑い[疑問]の余地はない
this festival can be a huge career launcher for new stars 新しいスターへの道となりうる 
Many music groups and bands head straight for huge American stages with massive crowds 多くの音楽グループやバンドは、大観衆のある巨大なアメリカのステージにまっすぐ向かう
after rave reviews at Iceland Airwaves アイスランド・エアウエイブスでの絶賛の後
just a few names that have exploded since their Iceland Airwaves debut 彼らのアイスランド・エアウエイブスでのデビュー以来、有名になった人たちのほんの少 しの例

This year’s Iceland Airwaves runs from November 5 – 9. Here is a link to the official page:

Iceland Airwaves

彼らのアイスランド・エアウエイブスでのデビュー以来、有名になった人たちのほんの少 しの例
súper cadera
domina la escena del festival cada año
Ha estado alrededor desde 1999
y el nombre viene de su primera ubicación
un hangar para aviones
Parte de lo que hace este festival tan especial
estrellas que buscan la moda
todo este festival es para nuevos nombres
caras brillantes
tenga algo que compartir con el mundo
ahora se considera más una ciudad de festivales
muy soñoliento durante el resto del año
Cuando si abre para recibir a las masas de fans y asistentes al festival
la ciudad se convierte en una meca cultural
una vida nocturna que pone a los demás en vergüenza
para explorar entre los actos
cuenta con una Laguna Azul de fama mundial y campos de lava increíbles
no podrían haber elegido un mejor ciudad anfitriona
Es indudable que
este festival puede ser un gran lanzador de carrera para las nuevas estrellas
Muchos grupos musicales y bandas se dirigen directamente a enormes escenarios norteamericanos con multitudes
después de muy buenas críticas en Iceland Airwaves
sólo algunos nombres que se han expandido desde su debut en Iceland Airwaves