Everybody knows these : sweet, , , and salty. But did you know there was a fifth one? Well, ; it until the . The fifth taste is called umami, which is a Japanese word meaning something like “delicious taste.”
Inside of our mouths we have the . Each of these tastes . , and not like the things we need to . , when you are eating something sweet, the is that you are . If you are eating something bitter, it is the message that to your brain. However, we can learn to like some bitter things like coffee or tea. Umami is made up of , one of the , which is . is our , which of course is very necessary for our survival.
If we understand umami better, we can better understand . It also helps explain why we like to put tomato paste in our stew or soy sauce in a . , having a good knowledge of umami can make you a better cook.
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|don’t feel too bad||知らなくても大丈夫|
|wasn’t even recognized by the scientific community||科学界に認識すらされていなかった|
|ability to perceive five different tastes||5つの味を感じ取る能力|
|has a reason for being there||存在する理由があり|
|tongues have evolved||舌が進化してきた|
|to make us want||欲しがらせる|
|the things we need to survive||生きるために必要なもの|
|telling your brain||脳に信号を送っている|
|you may need to be careful||注意が必要かもしれない|
|through social training||社会的な影響によって|
|part of blocks of protein||タンパク質の構成単位|
|Our taste for umami||私たちの旨味好き|
|body’s way of perceiving protein||体がたんぱく質を認識する仕方|
|why we crave certain things||なぜ私たちはあるものをひどく欲しがるのか|